What are the laws around immunization?
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Children need immunizations to protect them from dangerous diseases. By law, children in school and in child care must be immunized. Child immunization is also a requirement to receive child care benefits from DHS. This means that children have had all the required shots, or they are in the process of getting them. This does not apply if there are religious or medical reasons not to get the shots.
Immunizations start soon after birth, and 80% should be completed by age two. If your child does not have the proper immunizations, you need to talk with your doctor or the county health department to see about getting them. The Certificate of Immunization Status form from the Health Department explains what to do if there are religious or medical reasons for your child not to have the shots. On the next page is a list of county health department phone numbers. You can also call 1-800-SAFENET for clinic locations.
Here is the recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule as of December 2002:
- 2 months: Hep B, DTaP, Polio, Hib, PVC
- 4 months: Hep B, DTaP, Polio, Hib, PVC
- 6 months: Hep B, DTaP, Polio, Hib, PVC
- 12-15 months: Var, DTaP, Polio, Hib, MMR, PVC
- 4-6 years: DTaP, Polio, MMR
- 11-12 years: Hep B*, Td, MMR*, Var*
* Indicates vaccines to be assessed and given as necessary during the early adolescent visit.
Here is the key to the immunization codes:
- DTaP: Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis
- HepB: Hepatitis B
- Hib: H. Influenza Type B
- MMR: Measles, Mumps, and Rubella
- Td: Tentanus and Diptheria toxoids for age seven and older
- Var: Varicella
- PCV: Pneumococcal
NOTE: Recommended ages are flexible, and some doctors may use slightly different schedules.
Information from Oregon Department of Human Resources. More information can be obtained at http://egov.oregon.gov/DHS/children/.